Raspberry Pi IO Benchmarking

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Quelle: https://jamesachambers.com/raspberry-pi-4-usb-boot-config-guide-for-ssd-flash-drives/

Quelle: https://storage.jamesachambers.com/


James hat sich in seinem Blog ausführlich mit dem Thema IO Benchmarking auseinander gesetzt. Herausgekommen sind hierbei diverse Übersichten und Infos zu funktionierender/ nicht funktionierender Hardware als auch ein fertiges Benchmarking Script, welches automatisiert IO Tests durchführt und einen Score berechnet. Die gesamte Benchmarking Liste der von usern getesteten Hardware findet sich unter https://storage.jamesachambers.com/ , dort finden sich auch die Scores.


Benchmarking Script:

sudo curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/TheRemote/PiBenchmarks/master/Storage.sh | sudo bash


Beispiel:

Hardware: Pi Model 3 B+ und einem SanDisk Cruzer 16GB USB-Stick USB2

Score (s.u.): 471 (* laut User Liste schnellster Test bisher ca. 11.000 mit einer USB3 SSD)

pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/TheRemote/PiBenchmarks/master/Storage.sh | sudo bash

Board information: Manufacturer: Raspberry Pi Foundation - Model: Raspberry Pi 3 Model B Plus Rev 1.3 - Architecture: armv7l - OS: Raspbian GNU/Linux 10 (buster)
Fetching required components ...
   [..]

Clock speeds: CPU: 1400 - Core: 400 - RAM: 450
System rootfs drive (/) has been detected as /dev/sda2 (sda2)
System:    Host: raspberrypi Kernel: 4.19.97-v7+ armv7l bits: 32 compiler: gcc v: 4.9.3
           Console: tty 0 Distro: Raspbian GNU/Linux 10 (buster)
Machine:   Type: ARM Device System: Raspberry Pi 3 Model B Plus Rev 1.3 details: BCM2835
           rev: a020d3 serial: <filter>
CPU:       Topology: Quad Core model: ARMv7 v7l variant: cortex-a53 bits: 32 type: MCP arch: v7l
           rev: 4
           features: Use -f option to see features bogomips: 358
           Speed: 1400 MHz min/max: 600/1400 MHz Core speeds (MHz): 1: 1400 2: 1400 3: 1400
           4: 1400
Graphics:  Device-1: bcm2708-fb driver: bcm2708_fb v: kernel bus ID: N/A
           Device-2: bcm2835-hdmi driver: N/A bus ID: N/A
           Display: server: No display server data found. Headless machine? tty: N/A
           Message: Unable to show advanced data. Required tool glxinfo missing.
Network:   Device-1: Standard Microsystems type: USB driver: lan78xx bus ID: 1-1.1.1:5
           IF: eth0 state: down mac: <filter>
           IF-ID-1: wlan0 state: up mac: <filter>
Drives:    Local Storage: total: 29.82 GiB used: 1.33 GiB (4.5%)
           ID-1: /dev/sda type: USB vendor: SanDisk model: Cruzer Slice size: 29.82 GiB
           Message: No Optical or Floppy data was found.
Partition: ID-1: / size: 29.08 GiB used: 1.28 GiB (4.4%) fs: ext4 dev: /dev/sda2
           ID-2: /boot size: 252.0 MiB used: 52.2 MiB (20.7%) fs: vfat dev: /dev/sda1
Info:      Processes: 123 Uptime: 5m Memory: 1002.1 MiB used: 167.4 MiB (16.7%) gpu: 76.0 MiB
           Init: systemd runlevel: 5 Compilers: gcc: 8.3.0 Client: Sudo v: 1.8.27 inxi: 3.0.37
Running HDParm tests ...
/dev/sda2:
 Timing O_DIRECT cached reads:    34 MB in  2.00 seconds =  16.99 MB/sec
 Timing O_DIRECT disk reads:  64 MB in  3.04 seconds =  21.02 MB/sec
HDParm: 21.02 MB/s - HDParmCached: 16.99 MB/s
Running dd tests ...
81920+0 records in
81920+0 records out
335544320 bytes (336 MB, 320 MiB) copied, 77.7041 s, 4.3 MB/s
DD Write Speed: 4.3 MB/s
Running fio write test ...
Running fio read test ...
FIO results - 4k RandWrite: 132 IOPS (528 KB/s) - 4k RandRead: 1330 IOPS (5320 KB/s)
Running iozone test ...
        Iozone: Performance Test of File I/O
                Version $Revision: 3.429 $
                Compiled for 32 bit mode.
                Build: linux

        Contributors:William Norcott, Don Capps, Isom Crawford, Kirby Collins
                     Al Slater, Scott Rhine, Mike Wisner, Ken Goss
                     Steve Landherr, Brad Smith, Mark Kelly, Dr. Alain CYR,
                     Randy Dunlap, Mark Montague, Dan Million, Gavin Brebner,
                     Jean-Marc Zucconi, Jeff Blomberg, Benny Halevy, Dave Boone,
                     Erik Habbinga, Kris Strecker, Walter Wong, Joshua Root,
                     Fabrice Bacchella, Zhenghua Xue, Qin Li, Darren Sawyer,
                     Vangel Bojaxhi, Ben England, Vikentsi Lapa.

        Run began: Sat Feb 29 11:30:21 2020

        Auto Mode
        Include fsync in write timing
        O_DIRECT feature enabled
        File size set to 81920 kB
        Record Size 4 kB
        Command line used: iozone -a -e -I -i 0 -i 1 -i 2 -s 80M -r 4k
        Output is in kBytes/sec
        Time Resolution = 0.000001 seconds.
        Processor cache size set to 1024 kBytes.
        Processor cache line size set to 32 bytes.
        File stride size set to 17 * record size.
                                                              random    random     bkwd    record    stride
              kB  reclen    write  rewrite    read    reread    read     write     read   rewrite      read   fwrite frewrite    fread  freread
           81920       4     1844     1772     6296     6379     4916      831

iozone test complete.
RandRead: 4916 - RandWrite: 831 - Read: 6296 - Write: 1844


Category                  Test                      Result
HDParm                    Disk Read                 21.02 MB/s
HDParm                    Cached Disk Read          16.99 MB/s
DD                        Disk Write                4.3 MB/s
FIO                       4k random read            1330 IOPS (5320 KB/s)
FIO                       4k random write           132 IOPS (528 KB/s)
IOZone                    4k read                   6296 KB/s
IOZone                    4k write                  1844 KB/s
IOZone                    4k random read            4916 KB/s
IOZone                    4k random write           831 KB/s

                          Score: 471

Compare with previous benchmark results at:
https://storage.jamesachambers.com/